The mission of the Argentine Stud Book of the Argentine Jockey Club is to ensure the integrity of Thoroughbred Genealogical, Identity and Ownership Registers throughout the territory of Argentina and it therefore has Iwide powers to control breeding, gestation, birth, identification, registration, transfer, statistics and everything relating thereto.
Its management and administration shall be carried out by a Committee appointed by the Board of the Jockey Club, composed of up to nine (9) Jockey Clubâ€™s members. The Chairman shall be appointed by the Board, and must be or have been a member of the same.
The Stud Book Committee may include in its meetings representatives of Breedersâ€™ and Owners to address specific issues.
The Board of Directors may appoint a Technical Advisor who will serve in an honorary capacity and may attend Committee meetings.
All members will have a two-year term in office renewed partially by halves, each year from July 1, and may be reappointed.
In case of resignation or death of any or all members of the Committee, the Board of Directors shall appoint replacements who will complete the term of the person or persons they replace.
The Stud Book Committee shall appoint from among its members a Secretary and a Deputy Secretary that shall have a one-year term in office and may be reappointed. The Secretary shall replace the President in case of absence or impediment and the Deputy Secretary will replace the Secretary in the same circumstances.
The Committee shall meet at least once a month, or when necessary, in order to resolve urgent matters subject to their consideration. The Committee may meet with half plus one of its members.
All resolutions adopted by the Committee shall be recorded in the Minutes Book.
The Stud Book Committee shall:
Resolutions of the Stud Book Committee are final and without appeal. The application form duly signed by Breeders, Stud Farms or Breeding Centers for the purposes of registration in the respective register, as also transfer requests, imply, without any reservation, acceptance of this article, the powers of the Argentine Study Book Committee and these Rules.
To fulfill the aims stated in the preceding chapters, the Stud Book will keep a General Register in which shall be registered, under the provisions of these Rules, all Thoroughbred horses born in the country or imported, specifying their genealogy, parentage, ownership, and any element related to their identification and legal protection.
It will also contain the following supplementary items:
Transcripts of Records and other elements Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers are required to keep on their premises will be considered complementary to those mentioned in the two preceding articles.
The Argentine Stud Book shall issue, on ownersâ€™ request, certificates of proof of their records regarding registered animals. These documents will certify the genealogy, parentage, identity and status of the thoroughbred; record of the issuance of said certificates will be entered in the respective Records and certified copies may only be issued by Committee resolution.
Registration of thoroughbreds born in Argentina or abroad can only be carried out in strict compliance with the provisions of these Rules; otherwise said registration shall be null and void. Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers that report the birth of a foal will be responsible for the correct identity of the same and the accuracy and truthfulness of any information and documents submitted.
If any registration, transfer of ownership or any act or contract should present alterations, contain false statements or misrepresentations; or one horse is replaced by another either on racetracks or at a Stud Farms, those persons who have intervened will be subject to appropriate sanctions, even and including disqualification of the horses involved, of other animals belonging to the same owner, cancellation of registration as a Breeder or as a Stud Farm and registration in the Forfeits Book.
A thoroughbred horse breeder is any person who is dedicated to breeding and rearing thoroughbreds, if they are registered in the respective register, and comply strictly with these Rules.
Any regular breeder, with an appropriate breeding organization with adequate facilities who owns at least five (5) mares registered in the Argentine Stud Book may request to be recognized as a Stud Farm and register its name. For the aforesaid purposes the Committee of the Argentine Stud Book will determine the appropriate and pertinent controls.
A Stud Farm may change its name only once, if approval is granted by the Committee of the Argentine Stud Book and upon payment of the corresponding fee. Exceptions will only be made due to well-founded reasons.
When applying for registration in the Argentine Stud Book Register, Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers must complete and sign the corresponding form in which all information entered shall be precise and complete.
If this application is approved, the Breeder, Stud Farm or Breeding Center shall be entered in the respective Register, in which all information collected in the form detailed in the preceding article and any supplementary information required shall be entered.
Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers will be required to keep two Registers: Stallions and Mares Register and Foals Register, as also a Services and Births Booklet for use by the Manager thereof, which duly initialed will be issued by the Stud Book.
Also, in case of inspection, duplicate forms of prior inspections must be submitted to the Inspector.
The Breeders Register will contain the Equine Identity Documents of all thoroughbred horses on the facilities, whoever their owners, including stallions.
The Foals Register shall contain duplicate notices of births of thoroughbreds born on the facilities, and duplicates or triplicates of those born elsewhere, but currently in the facilities. Or, conversely, the corresponding Equine Identity Document or Passport.
The Services and Births Booklet kept by the Manager will be used to record daily services and births. Instructions for entering information therein should be strictly complied with and any book that is not signed by the Argentine Stud Book will not be accepted.
All documents mentioned in the preceding articles, must be kept at the facilities and must be available to the Argentine Stud Book and its designated inspectors and all records therein must be up to date.
Inspectors, within the meaning of the word as used in these Rules, shall be designated ad hoc by the Argentine Stud Book for a specific purpose; they can either be a contracted third party with sufficient capacity for said purpose or an employee of the Argentine Stud Book.
Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers shall have qualified personnel at their breeding facilities to help the Stud Book Inspectors carry out their task and to provide any information these may require. Broodmares, foals, weanlings and yearlings to be inspected shall be presented haltered, in favorable conditions for easy and perfect individualization and inspection, and be easy to handle.
Any horse registered in this Stud Book requires an Equine Identity Document to support proper identification when being transferred to any destination. If the horse goes to public auction the auctioneer must obtain said Equine Identity Document and deliver it together with proof of purchase to the new owner.
Foals under their dams and sold jointly with them are exempted from the above obligation. When being transferred these foals require the corresponding duplicate or triplicate, depending on the case, of the report of their birth.
An Equine Identity Document is necessary to process any entry or carry out other procedures in the Argentine Stud Book. It is the seller's obligation to obtain and submit this document to the buyer or, where appropriate, the auctioneer firm.
All registered thoroughbreds at a public auction must first be inspected to verify their identity.
Registered thoroughbreds may not be sold at auction if not DNA-typed and microchip implanted, with the exception provided for in the preceding article of foals under their dams.
For the purposes of compliance with the provisions hereof auctioneers must submit to the Stud Book a catalog of thoroughbred horses registered for auction no less than seven days in advance.
It is joint responsibility of auctioneers and owners to pay any fees that may apply.
All Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers must give notice, reliably and within 40 (forty) calendar days of all single or twin births, single or twin abortions, single or twin stillborn foals, single stillborn foals in a twin birth; deaths, castrations; animals withdrawn from breeding; animals that enter or leave the facilities; and any artificially raised foals due to their motherâ€™s death or inability to rear them.
Under no circumstances can Stud Farms and Breeding Centers serve mares belonging to third parties whose identity has not been checked with the corresponding Identity Certificate or Equine Identity Document, as applicable.
When bred mares foal on the facilities, neither the mother nor the foal may be moved until the Argentine Stud Book has been notified in writing of their proposed transfer and destination.
Reports of births of foals of mares owned by third parties must be submitted to the Stud Book within 40 (forty) calendar days and in triplicate. The triplicate copy must be kept at the Stud Farm or Breeding Center, and the duplicate copy must be sent to their ultimate destination. Stud Farms that receive mares owned by third parties for service, must strictly comply with the above.
Breeding Centers are facilities with one or more stallions owned by the Center or by third parties to which mares belonging to different owners are sent for service. The following information is necessary for registration in the Breeding Center Register:
Services between January 1 and February 5 and between July 1 and August 5 will not be accepted. Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers must notify any services performed before August 1 for those in the first half of the year, and before February15 for those in the second half of the year.
Exceptionally, after the above term has expired, the corresponding forms with reports of services can be accepted before the first birth, based on the background information at Stud Farms or Breeding Centers, at the sole discretion of the Stud Book Committee, after payment of a penalty per served mare and a serious warning. Births must be reported within forty-eight (48) hours. This report shall be submitted on forms provided to that effect, in which shall be specified the names of the broodmares, the stallion/s that served them, date of all services or fact that mares were not served.
In the case of mares transferred to one or more facilities, the above obligation must be complied with at each of the facilities where the mare was served.
The Stud Book will register, by means of a note signed by the owner of a stallion, a restraining order to register a foal which is the result of the services by said stallion of mares owned by a third party.
In such a case, to accept the application for registration of the foal, the same must be accompanied by written permission from the owner of the stallion.
Services must be performed by the system called "by hand" in the presence and under the direct observation of the person who must register the date of the service in the Services and Births Booklet which must be current. No other proof will be taken into account.
Services of a mare loose with a stallion or male of more than one year of age will not be accepted. If this situation is confirmed by an Argentine Stud Book Inspector all prior services of said mare will be declared null and void.
Exceptions may be authorized only in the cases mentioned in Articles 32 and 33 of these Rules.
The registration of a foal will only be accepted if it is the result of natural service by direct sexual contact between its parents and when the foal is delivered from the mare served.
Artificial Insemination, Embryo transfer, cloning and/or any other form of genetic manipulation are strictly forbidden.
Final registration of a thoroughbred will be subject to DNA-typing conducted by the Laboratory designated for that purpose by the Stud Book and microchip implantation.
If these processes are completed within 180 days of birth, prior to weaning, and prior to the annual inspection of the Breeder, said thoroughbred will not be subjected to a second inspection in order to obtain a Certificate to Race.
Samples of hair or other genetic material submitted for this purpose, are the exclusive property of the Argentine Stud Book and may not be used by third parties to carry out any study or test not expressly requested by the Argentine Stud Book.
If DNA-typing proves that the thoroughbred does not genetically match one or both declared parents its registration in the Stud Book will be canceled. In the case of breeding animals, this cancellation will be extended to any born or unborn progeny.
If it is possible to determine the correct parentage of the thoroughbred, and no third party rights are affected, and the horse has not raced, taking into account the relevant background, the Stud Book Committee can correct the thoroughbred´s parentage and maintain its registration.
For the purposes of registration of a thoroughbred its parents must be DNA-typed prior to its birth.
If this is not the case, the Stud Book shall allow a period of 30 calendar days to remedy said situation.
The Stud Book Committee, shall authorize the use of another stallion to cover those mares whose last service took place not less than 20 days before if a non-pregnant certificate based on an ultrasound examination is submitted. In this case, the above mentioned certificate must be issued by a veterinarian registered in the corresponding Veterinary College and must carry his signature and seal.
For the purpose of validating the services of a stallion leased by a Stud Farm, the owner of the Stud Farm must submit the appropriate "Stallion Authorization" form signed by the owner or owners thereof.
The signature of the Owner must be certified by Clerk or Banking Entity.
Foals must be registered within forty (40) calendar days of birth using the forms provided. One copy will be delivered to the Breeder with proof of submission so that it may be included in the Foal Register at his facilities. All foals born in the season previous to the corresponding foaling date according to the date of service, must be reported within forty-eight (48) hours by reliable means.
Applications for registration of foals born as from November 20, must be submitted before December 30, and are not covered by the extension in the first paragraph of Article 35.
Purchasers or owners of pregnant mares that are not registered as Breeders, Stud Farms or Breeding Centers and report the birth of a foal by means of the appropriate forms must, in order to achieve final registration thereof, present together with the application for foal registration, a request for mare and foal inspection, attaching a map of their location, unless they are on a Stud Farm or Breeding Center. They must also pay the fees the Argentine Stud Book should determine for each inspection.
After a period of forty (40) calendar days for the cases mentioned in the first part of the previous article, any subsequent submission will only be accepted subject to approval by the Stud Book Committee, and the Breeder must have valid reasons for the delay. If the Stud Book Committee decide to accept the late registration due to valid reasons, a fine must be paid, the amount of which will be determined opportunely by the Committee. The Committee may also decide to perform a new inspection, additional DNA-typing or other measures it may deem appropriate to ensure correct identification.
A normal pregnancy is between 320 and 380 days in length. When the birth of a foal is the result of an abnormal term of gestation, the application for foal registration must be filed within ten (10) days of birth. Based on the corresponding veterinary inspection and verification, the Stud Book Committee may accept or reject the registration of the foal.
Once a foal is registered, any change in parentage must be immediately notified by submitting the respective form. This may be accepted by the Stud Book Committee or the foal registration may be cancelled according to circumstances. Further controls may be necessary if deemed appropriate.
Report of a birth and its receipt does not mean that foal registration has been accepted; the foal will only be registered after complying with the provisions of Article 32.
A breeder is the owner of the mare at the time of foaling.
The Stud Book Committee when receiving a notification of the birth of a foal may accept or reject the proposed name and change it if appropriate.
Previously registered names may be used in the following cases:
The following names will not be accepted:
A name change will be authorized only once provided the thoroughbred has not been raced or bred and does not have an extended racing certificate, upon payment of a fee, and subject to the decision of the Stud Book Committee.
Exceptions may only be allowed when there are well founded reasons.
The coat of a pure thoroughbred racehorse must be established with the greatest possible accuracy when reporting its birth according to these Rules, and must be one of the following:
a) Chestnut b) Dark Chestnut; c) Bay; d) Golden Bay; e) Red Bay; f) Dark Bay; g) Black; h) Grey; i) Roan; j) Blue Roan.
In the case of a foal with a grey mother or father, if, due to its age, it is not possible when reporting its birth to determine with certainty whether it is a chestnut, bay or grey this should be reported as A/T (CH/G) or Z/T (B/G); the breeder must report the final coat before the foal is two years old.
The coats of thoroughbreds to be exported will correspond to those in the above classification and this will be detailed on their Export Certificate, together with the equivalent coats in the languages and countries of destination.
For the Argentine Stud Book, foals with chestnut parents must necessarily be chestnuts and at least one of the parents of grey foals must also be grey. It is therefore considered abnormal when both parents are chestnuts and the foal is not a chestnut.
It will also be considered abnormal when neither of the parents of a grey foal are greys. In consequence, the Stud Book will not accept the registration of foals whose parentage is at odds with the above, and foal registration under these circumstances will be considered null and void.
The parents of registered foals must be described in writing and graphically on the application form for registration, with express indication of the elements necessary to achieve correct foal identification. The Stud Book Committee may add any other available identification system that they consider offers greater security.
The Stud Book keeps a register with a record of genetic factor serotypes, blood groups and DNA of stallions, mares and registered foals. Specialized laboratories in immuno-genetics can be used for further analyses in cases of doubtful paternity or suspicion of error or fraud.
Any laboratory designated by the Stud Book that performs ancestry check by DNA analysis should be accredited before the ISAG (International Society for Animal Genetics) with Rank 1.
Inspections of Stud Farms and Breeding Centers must be carried out by inspectors designated by the Stud Book for each occasion; the Committee may order inspections whenever it deems necessary.
When an inspection is performed, inspectors should check broodmares and foals at their motherâ€™s side, and any other horses they consider necessary, checking age, identity and parentage.
Inspectors shall send a timely report to the Stud Book Committee with the results of their inspections, with particular attention to the organization of the facilities; however, they may send prior notice of any abnormalities noted.
Inspection reports shall be prepared by the Inspector, in duplicate, before leaving the inspected facilities. The duplicate will be delivered to the Manager of the facilities, who may, at that time, add any comments he deems pertinent to both duplicate and original.
The fees for inspections due to violations of the Rules will be established by the Stud Book Committee.
The Argentine Stud Book will provide, free of charge, appropriate technical advice to Breeders and Stud Farms to facilitate compliance with these Rules and performance of their activities.
Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers that wish the Stud Book to check parentage or other regulatory aspects of the thoroughbreds on their facilities, may request a special inspection for that purpose. The date thereof shall be determined by mutual agreement considering the causes of the request and availability of inspectors.
Applicants will pay the corresponding fees for these inspections.
When, according with these Rules, the Breeders, Stud Farms or Breeding Centers must bear all inspection-related expenses such costs will include inspection fees, additional fees per animal inspected and any other fees, meals, board and inspectorâ€™s travel expenses, according to the current sums established by the Stud Book.
Thoroughbred horses entering the country must be registered in compliance with all requirements detailed in these Rules and International Regulations thereof regarding certification of parentage by the methods determined in the Argentine Stud Book.
For registration in the Argentine Stud Book imported thoroughbreds must possess documents proving parentage and ownership, a certificate of racing performance and the amounts earned in prize money. These documents must include, as appropriate, a BCN (Breeding Clearance Report) or Export Certificate.
These documents must be issued by the Approved Stud Book of the country of origin and be duly authenticated and legalized.
Once all documents are checked and the thoroughbredâ€™s parentage and identity are verified by the corresponding officials, the application submitted will be approved and the thoroughbred will be registered in the General Register and the Importation Register.
Ownership of a racing thoroughbred is exclusively based on the certificate of registration in the respective register. Consequently, the horseâ€™s owner is the person or entity under whose name the thoroughbred is registered. A certificate proving ownership will be issued upon request.
Ownership transfer must be requested by submitting the appropriate forms to the Argentine Stud Book. These must be completed with the names of the parties, the name of the horse, date and place of transfer, and any other information that is required.
The signature of the Seller must be Certified by Notary Public or Banking Entity.
Once an application for transfer of ownership of a thoroughbred has been submitted and the corresponding fee paid, a receipt will be issued. After the corresponding checks the transfer of ownership will be recorded. For the purposes of acceptance and validity of said transfer the day and time of submission of this application to the Argentine Stud Book will be taken, regardless of the date of the transaction.
If the documents submitted are not in order or there is no proof of ownership, the Stud Book Committee shall refuse to register the transfer. The respective resolution shall be communicated to all interested parties.
Any limitations affecting ownership of a racing thoroughbred must be duly recorded in the respective Register, expressly recording the cause of the limitation and the document or court order on which it is based.
Owners of thoroughbreds registered in the Argentine Stud Book may authorize third parties to race a horse under their direction and in their name. Said authorization must be submitted on the forms provided for this purpose, and shall be duly recorded.
The signature of the Owner must be certified by Clerk or Banking Entity.
Owners of thoroughbreds registered in the Argentine Stud Book may, in order to legally define the boundaries of their responsibilities before third parties, submit a Sales Report before a final transfer is made.
When a Sales Report is submitted to the Stud Book all racing authorizations and/or certificates shall automatically expire.
The signature of the Owner must be certified by Clerk or Banking Entity.
Thoroughbred owners wishing to race their horses on recognized racetracks must submit a signed form and pay the corresponding fee to the Argentine Stud Book. The Stud Book shall conduct the checks and controls it deems necessary, and send the recognized racetrack the horseâ€™s ownership certificate, details of parentage and data for microchip identification for the purposes of regulation checks. Recognized racetracks shall proceed in like manner with each other, sending certificates directly, when owners request horses be transferred to another racecourse. Said passes will be registered on the back of the parentage certificates and must be signed by the authorities of the different institutions. In cases of transfers, the respective certificate must be returned directly to the Argentine Stud Book.
In accordance with Article 62) and with the same formalities, documents will be extended to third parties authorized to race thoroughbreds. If the authorization is withdrawn by the thoroughbred owner or if the authorized third party expressly waives the same, these documents shall be returned to the Stud Book, and simple notice is sufficient.
The certificates mentioned in Article 62), shall not be issued in duplicate, except in the case of loss or destruction duly verified by the Stud Book.
Withdrawal of authorizations to race shall be reliably reported by means of the corresponding forms to the Argentine Stud Book, and these shall be registered when it is seen that they fulfill the requirements of the case.
The signature of the Owner must be certified by Clerk or Banking Entity.
Any owner of a thoroughbred registered in the Argentine Stud Book, shall strictly abide by these Rules and report within forty (40) calendar days, by reliable means, all castrations and deaths.
Failure to comply with the provisions of this Article shall make the thoroughbred owner subject to the corresponding sanctions.
To export a thoroughbred registered in the Argentine Stud Book, its owner or a duly authorized representative shall request an export certificate and the necessary documents for registration in the Stud Book of the country of destination. A true copy of the certificate and documents requested, will remain in the respective Register, as a receipt, and shall be signed by the owner or authorized person.
Before shipment the animalsâ€™ parentage and identity must be checked. The thoroughbredâ€™s parentage and identity must be detailed graphically and in writing on the export certificate and/or Passport. When required, the export certificate may be accompanied by photographs of the thoroughbred and life-size photographs of the horseâ€™s chestnuts.
The Stud Book of the destination country will be directly notified of the export of the thoroughbred, and all necessary information will be provided so that the animal may be duly checked on arrival, without prejudice to presentation of the corresponding export certificate.
Duplicates of export certificates will only be issued when the Stud Book, after examining the evidence submitted, should decide this is appropriate. And the fact will be recorded on the new certificate and documents issued.
If a thoroughbred is not exported, the export certificate must be returned within forty (40) days of issue, and this shall be recorded in the corresponding Register. The exporting company that fails to comply with this provision shall be liable to a fine.
No export certificates shall be issued for thoroughbreds that are not DNA-typed and microchip-implanted.
Any noncompliance of the provisions of these Rules shall result in the application of warnings, fines, disqualifications and eliminations by the Stud Book. Repetition of offenses shall be considered an aggravating factor.
The modification of the hereditary genome of a thoroughbred registered temporarily or already registered, during conception, pregnancy or at any later stage of its existence, will result in the loss of its status as a thoroughbred.
The fines imposed by the Stud Book Committee must be paid within ten (10) working days of being notified. Failure to pay within that period may lead to new sanctions.
Once a thoroughbredâ€™s registration is cancelled, the same cannot be requested again. Breeders, Stud Farms and Breeding Centers, if disqualified due to serious irregularities, cannot request a new registration.
In any situation not covered by these Rules the Stud Book Committee shall issue the rulings or adopt the measures it deems appropriate.
The foregoing provisions repeal all previous Rules.
When a thoroughbred breeder dies, all entries and reports must be processed by the administrator of the estate designated by the judge in the probate proceedings, legally recognized heirs, their representatives, or by a court order.
The deadlines established under these Rules for covering reports, birth reports and other obligations shall not be affected by the death of the thoroughbred breeder.
In order to avoid penalties for non-compliance of obligations according to these Rules, any heir of the estate may perform the necessary actions for this purpose, as a business manager in good faith, a fact which shall be stated in all cases.
The Stud Book will accept any notifications provisionally, until they are expressly endorsed by any of the persons mentioned in the first paragraph of this article, when they will become definite.
Transfers of animals owned by a deceased breeder, will only be accepted when they are based on a court order or if the administrator of the estate has been expressly authorized to carry out said transfers.